Saint John, New Brunswick is the largest city in its entire providence as well as the absolute oldest incorporated city that is located in Canada. The massive city of Saint John is situated along the northern shore of the Bay of Fundy located at the mouth of the St. John River.
The “Saint” part of the city of Saint John is traditionally not abbreviated in common spelling in order to differentiate it from St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, another city in Canada whose name usually uses this abbreviation. The river, in contrast to the name of Saint John, New Brunswick, is often abbreviated, however.
As of a 2006 Census, the population of the city of Saint John had a number of around 68,000 and the population of the larger Metropolitan area around Saint John had a number of around 122,000, which is the second largest population in the entire providence. The city proper is the area of the city where the population is the most densely populated. The rest of the population is more spread out and less dense, but are still considered a part of the city due to the city limit boundaries.
Like most large cities, people that are not located in the city proper often travel to the city proper or surrounding areas to work, making the area appear more vastly populated, but the numbers of the census are only of the people that live in the area, not work.The city of Saint John has a rich and illustrious history, the city of Saint John is thought to have first been inhabited by the Native Sect known as the Passamaquoddy Nation several thousand years prior to french colonization. However, the northern valley near the bay was thought to have been the domain of the Maliseet Nation. Not much is known about these two native cultures as they lacked a written history before the invasion of European forces in the early 1600s. After several years of strife and struggle, these natives were moved in to a reservation in what is now known as Maine in the United States.
The city of Saint John was in absolute control by French forces for many years until the Battle of Saint John in 1654 in which New England forces lead by Colonel Robert Sedgewick lead over one hundred New England Raiders as well as Oliver Cromwell’s soldiers to capture Port Royal. The area remained contested by both British and French soldiers all throughout the French and Indian War until during the Revolutionary War of the United States in which it was captured by British soldiers and made a Colony for England. Saint John was also the first stop for immigrants coming from Ireland due to its proximity to Ireland. The first Irish settlers arrived in the late 18th century and many more came in the middle of 19th century. This is the reason why Saint John is called 'Canada's more Irish city'.
The climate of the city of Saint John, New Brunswick is climate temperate continental. This means that, in the heat of summer, the temperature rarely exceeds 77 degrees Fahrenheit and in the winter in rarely gets below 17 degrees Fahrenheit. The Bay of Fundy never fully freezes, but the area does experience a fair amount of fog during the summer months.
The nice temperature makes the city of Saint John, New Brunswick a very nice place to visit.